The speed with which social economic change advances is overwhelming. Industries barely catch up with new variables when they become obsolete, even in the long term. Projections such as urban or road infrastructure planning, that used to ensure at least three decades of fluid functionality are not nearly enough nowadays. The constant update of available information in the ever-changing scenario makes these projections all the more difficult.
Thus, challanges arise in infrastructure and policy development development, and it becomes necessary to design solutions that allow alterations along the way as the scenary changes in time. The port industry understands this very well due to the increasing vessel size and liner mergers which have modified the type and flow of services required.
The International Transport Forum presented the “Ports Policy Review of Chile” report, a document that analyzes the country’s current and future port policies. The extensive x-ray view of the Chilean situation shows large gaps where regulation has not yet caught up to date with reality.
Among the most relevant issues in the 100+ pages of the report is port performance and impact in Chile. Crucial actors such as stakeholders and regulators must find common ground to coordinate on areas like community integration, optimization of logistic networks while dealing with traffic congestion, environmental impact and how to soften its effects, creation of jobs with ensured continuity and safety, among others.
The report also develops on issues related to regulatory framework, policies to increase net positive impacts and maximize performance. Also, the document highlights the importance of formulating a unified port and logistics strategy, the need to introduce performance incentives for pilotage and develop a long-term joint port labor agreement, liberalize cabotage, create a level playing field for all hinterland transport modes, modernize port governance, create framework for green ports policies and improve port-city relations.
Challanges ahead are intense and will requiere the integration of public and private actors who will have to coordinate their efforts in order to satisfy all of the local industry’s needs in the short and long term. It will be difficult to develop policies that don’t cancel each other out, all while ports continue to struggle to stay competitive through permanent infrastructure and service improvements.
Much like a symphony, government ministries, Customs, Maritime Authority, transport trade associations, liners, cargo owners (clients), forwarders, logistics operators and even local municipalities of port cities will have to collaborate with port terminals in order to reach the perfect sinergy.
The International Transport Forum is an intergovernmental organization that acts as a think tank for transport policy of all modes, with the goal to foster a deeper understanding of the role of transport in economic growth, environmental sustainability and social inclusion and to raise the public profile of transport policy. The ITF is politically autonomous and administratively integrated with the OECD. Chile is among the 57 member-countries of ITF.
ITF’s Case-Specific Policy Analysis (CSPA) series are topical studies on specific transport policy issues of concern to a country carried out by ITF on request.
Source: Ports Policy Review of Chile, International Transport Forum -OECD
Diploma en Derecho del Mar y Marítimo 2017
Organiza Escuela de Derecho PUCV